Violence and Violent Games

Is there a correlation between violent games and violence?

Well according to the Australian government, they believe there is a correlation, that is why over 220 games were banned from sale and play in Australia up to the year 2014.

According to an APA review:
“Scientists have investigated the use of violent video games for more than two decades but to date, there is very limited research addressing whether violent video games cause people to commit acts of criminal violence,” said Mark Appelbaum, PhD, task force chair. “However, the link between violence in video games and increased aggression in players is one of the most studied and best established in the field.”

There are many studies done to link aggressive behavior and violence with violent video games but the studies never really illustrate why there is a connection.

In my biased and unsubstantiated opinion, I think aggressive and violent people are more likely to play violent games, I don’t believe in the conclusion that violent games are creating violent people. I have anecdotal evidence of this with regards to all of my friends that were never outwardly violent or aggressive, and yet played plenty of violent video games all through there childhood and present life.

The question remains though, whether people with violent predispositions playing violent games that could get enticed, or if non violent people are being influenced to be violent through violent games, should people have access to them?
I am i libertarian in many aspects so freedom, including access to any and all video games, always trumps potential danger. That is why if I were Mr Dictator I would allow people access to all games. In saying that, I do understand the concern of some people who are worried that violent crimes may increase due to the amount of violent games being produced due to high demand at this time.

This article – https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170308081057.htm – shows that violent video games may not have an affect on a persons empathy.

Violence and Violent Games

Virtual Reality

What does the future hold in store for virtual reality? 

Virtual reality is a phenomena that is technologically advancing year by year and becoming more and more, a part of public discussion and future technologies.

The reality of it is, virtual reality is being propelled forward because of gaming, as that is where the money from its technology will be made. Gaming will also be where most people have and will experience it, however, virtual reality has a future with regards to health care, space, museums, automotive manufacturing, education, courtrooms, meditation, mental health, shopping and the military.  – https://www.livescience.com/53392-virtual-reality-tech-uses-beyond-gaming.html

All these fields will have great uses for virtual reality and offer people a reality that maybe they could not have had without virtual reality.

With all the positives of virtual reality I believe there will be a subset of people which will become addicted to the virtual realities that they have become more attuned to than reality itself. This has already happened with gaming worlds that aren’t virtual reality and so a more realistic and immersive world I would imagine would be even more addictive.

There are also forms of health concerns for virtual reality other than addictions, that may also come from an addiction to virtual realities. These health concerns include motion sickness primarily as so far early stages of the virtual reality technologies have had a lot of users experience nausea and motion sickness from too long a time spent in the virtual reality.

Below is a short video discussing some worries with regards to virtual reality.
When it comes down to it, just as anything, in moderation it is fine.

Virtual Reality

Should Kids Be On Social Media?

Children more than ever before are open to the internet and the huge leap that social media has taken within the last decade. But is it healthy or beneficial for children under the age of thirteen to be on social media sites like Instagram and Facebook?

A common idea among those involved in the subject believe that during the ages of around ten years old bullying plays an increasing role in a child’s personal life, whether they are bullying or being bullied. With children of this age generally not being able to cope with bullying very well, the idea of children having access to the opinions of millions of others can be daunting.

Aside from bullying, social media has even affected many adults with addiction to the sites. 75% of millennials feel addicted to social media. This is a cause for concern if we are then going to think about children and social media as children are a lot more prone to influence and are impressionable.

With all this being said it is easy enough for children with the know-how, to create a social media account as it doesn’t actually take any evidence of age to set a social media account up. Many children have done this. And with the amount of content going around on social media, children under the ages of thirteen must be getting influenced by others they look up to as adults .

With all the above said, I don’t believe social media should become foreign to children as when they grow up it may be a major part of their lives or at least a major part of the lives around them.

Below is a video of the potential dangers for the young and often gullible.

Should Kids Be On Social Media?

Why Do We Sleep?

Scientists in general agree that sleep is a positive thing, especially for the brain and its functionality, but are not certain on exactly what is happening to the brain while we are sleeping knowing only that the brain isn’t actually shutting down during sleep.

Studies done have shown that sleeping, especially under longer hours, allows for the ‘consolidation’ of memory, turning somewhat short term memory in the brain to a more solidified memory. So in part, sleep helps with memory. Memory being one of those things that is undervalued yet oh so crucial to our daily lives.

SleepTimeRecommendations012615[1]-page-001_0Above is how long we should all supposedly be sleeping for. I am in the ‘young adult’ age range and according to this chart I get the perfect amount of sleep, eight hours. However, ten hours is also welcome.
What I found interesting about this chart is that the younger you are the more sleep you should have. But I remember being young and hating going to bed and wanting to stay up late (8:30pm). Now I embrace sleep and perhaps take advantage of bed too much when I have the morning off.

Some research done alludes that while we are asleep our brain is literally washing itself. After all, we are physical beings and when it comes down to it, even our memories and thoughts are physical and some things that are run through our brains throughout the day are just not needed, hence the washing of the brain.

Sleep deprivation is a torture tactic. This shows how vitally we need our sleep, just for our own sanity.
What happens when you are deprived of sleep, even on  a small scale? We have all experienced this; you get slow, un-energized, your memory begins to suffer, you get impatient etc.

Have you ever actually thought about and considered how weird hibernation is? Black bears hibernate for seven and a half months. That’s like the future in Alien movies. I wonder if it feels like they’ve been sleeping for that long or if they wake up wanting to keep sleeping in?

However we look at sleep it is still a bit of a mystery in many aspects of it to scientists although what we do know is that it is good for us.

An interesting watch below:

Why Do We Sleep?

Free Speech

What is free speech

noun
the right to express any opinions without censorship or restraint.’

Living in New Zealand and in countries similar to our own we have enjoyed the freedom to speak as we wish without interference from authorities or backlash (for the most part).
What a lot of people don’t realise is that freedom of speech is not a luxury felt in all nations in the world, and is even being attacked in western nations.

A major role in the attack on freedom of speech around the world is the role of governments restricting speech that is shedding negative light on the country or the governments in power. The countries with this happening the most heavily is North Korea, Turkmenistan, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Eritrea, Cuba, Uzbekistan and more.

Free speech, in my humble yet always correct opinion, is a fundamental human right.
Supposing that free speech should be a basic human right, how then do we encourage or force nations to allow there citizens to speak as they please, or should we not have any part it other nations laws.
I think the answer is leading by example but obviously countries leaders like in North Korea, have no reason to change their stance on free speech just because other nations are.

In Britain, people are being put into prison for hate speech. This is an outrage in my opinion. Even if speech is racist or bigoted, as horrible a speech as some people may have, they have the right to that speech. It is action, not merely the words behind actions that should be punishable.

Without discourse and opposing views being shared it gives the power more power and stagnates progression. Left or right, right or wrong, harsh or kind, truth or lie, people should have the right to speak there mind and have it heard so that people can come together in the open and debate, instead of having war in the shadows.

 

Free Speech

Research Paper

Title of Paper: Gender Differences and Related Factors Affecting Online Gaming Addiction Among Taiwanese Adolescents

Did the abstract tell you the three things I said it should?
Yes. It told me the topic, what the researches were researching and the general conclusion of the research. 

What seems to be the research question(s) they were trying to answer?
What connections or differences there were between both genders and gaming addictions. 

What  method(s) did they use to answer the question?
Regression Analysis

“Multiple regression analysis was used to explore gender differences in the relationships between severity of online gaming addiction and a number of variables.”

Regression Analysis – “In statistical modeling, regression analysis is a statistical process for estimating the relationships among variables. It includes many techniques for modeling and analyzing several variables, when the focus is on the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables (or ‘predictors’).” – Wikipedia

How credible do you think the paper is?
Very credible. The authors all have PhD’s in their respective fields.
However the date of the publication of this paper is over ten years old. This is not very relevant though given what was researched.  

Did you agree, or not, with what they wrote in their conclusion? Why?
I do agree with the conclusion. I agree with the conclusion because their conclusion matched the results of their research methods which upon my own personal research seem to be effective. 

Briefly describe two things that you learnt from the paper.
It was more of a confirmation of my own ideas. I learnt that low self esteem was high among those with gaming addictions, especially among males but not females.

In no more than 250 of your own words (i.e. a paraphrase), describe what the paper is about.
This paper is about the differences among males and females in Taiwan and their tendencies for gaming addictions.
The purpose of the paper is to discover the patterns found among males and females addicted to gaming so that from this paper strategies or ideas could come fourth to counteract the problem of gaming addiction.
The reason the distinction was made between males and females in this paper is made, I believe is because prior to the study it was known that females do not have as strong a tendency to become addicted to gaming so the researches wanted to understand why this was in the process. 

Research Paper

Perception

Why do we perceive things the way we do and do we all have the same perspective on things?

The way we interact with the world is through our senses, sight, sound , touch etc. Even though these senses are accurate sometimes the way our brain interprets these messages can be inaccurate.

As you will probably see below, block ‘A’ looks a darker shade of block ‘B’, but in reality these two blocks are the exact same colour and shade. Just put your finger over the connection of the two blocks.

Image result for colour optical illusions

  • Nearly 90% of what we see is lost by the time it reaches our brains. Because of this, the brain has to make its best guess based on our past experiences or prior knowledge.
  • The visual information we see is combined with previously stored information about the world, which we have built up as a result of experience.
  • Our surroundings help to provide context to the visual information we absorb.

If we can’t even trust our senses how can we trust our scientific method? Aren’t we just assuming we have got it all right.

I think the fact that we all have our own interpretations of reality give us a more accurate assessment reality in a way. This is because if we all have some different opinions of what we perceive, but also there will most likely be similarities in peoples perception of reality, so the similarities can be takes as reality while differences in perception can be taken as anomalies and studied further.

Perception